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Usnea subfloridana Stirton

Synonyms:

Family: PARMELIACEAE

Habitat: Ubiquitous

Description

    Thallus shrubby, 5-10 (or more) cm tall, lower part black, erect or pendulous according to local conditions, made of numerous cylindrical, thin branches with dense medulla, highly ramified, branching isotomic-dichotomous with minute transverse crackings or rings without  interconnecting longitudinal cracks, but often densely warted, papillose, with  terminal small fibrils, 1-3 mm long, whip-shaped, tips often covered with numerous round or oblong soralia with spiny isidia, whole thallus more or less pale grey-yellow, pale green-greyish according to exposition and humidity. Usually infertile but apothecia occasional, at branch tips, round, flat, 0.2-0.8 mm diam., papyraceous, whitish to light brown, surrounded by scarce small cilia. Photobiont: trebouxioid. C-, K+ yellow > golden yellow, KC-, Pd+ instantly orange or much seldom C-, K-, KC-, Pd-. The most common and widespread Usnea in our prospection area, on trunks and branches of trees whatever the level, very seldom on rocks. Not to be confused with Usnea wasmuthii  much rarer, with longitudinal cracks on the cortex towards the base of main branches and with different chemical reactions. N.B. Molecular biology investigations have shown that this species is similar to Usnea florida that is almost always fertile, with bigger and more ciliate apothecia, and with secondary branches without soredia and isidia.*

 







Usnea subfloridana Landévennec
Alain GERAULT



Usnea subfloridana Landévennec 2
Alain GERAULT



Usnea subfloridana Huelgoat 1
Bernard BOUFFINIER



Usnea subfloridana Huelgoat 2
Bernard BOUFFINIER



Usnea subfloridana Ardennes 1
Jacques HAINE



Usnea subfloridana Ardennes 2
Jacques HAINE



Usnea subfloridana Cher
Arnaud DELHOUME



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