Parmelina carporrhizans (Tayl.) Poelt & Vezda
Parmelia quercina var. carporrhizans
Thallus foliose, rosette-forming, 5-12 cm across, lobes more or less imbricate, 5-10 mm wide, tips rounded and crenulate with eventually a few small cilia, upper surface pale grey-blue, bluish, minutely maculate with small white dots, lower surface brown-blackish, blackish, rhizinate, rhizines simple, elongate and bright, cilia-like towards the margin. Apothecia common, 3-7 mm diam., sessile, disc sometimes punched when old, brown-green, brown-red when mature when dry, exciple minutely indented rhizinate below. Ascospores simple, broadly ellipsoid to subglobose, 9-11 x 6-8,5 µm. Pycnidia frequent, laminal. Cortex: K+ yellow; medulla : C+ carmine, K-, KC+ red, Pd-. Thermophilic trends, rare in our prospection area, on main horizontal branches or tree trunks more or less isolated. This species is very close to Parmelina quercina of which the lobe upper surface is not maculate and recently differentiated thanks to DNA marker analyses, but in practice difficult to discriminate in the field. Consequently their distribution is not well known and we provide pictures with the corresponding restrictions. N.B. Some authors consider that it is the fertile morph of Parmelina pastillifera, devoid of isidia. See also the fertile forms of Parmelina tiliacea which sometimes avec very few isidia.