Diploicia canescens (Dicks.) Massal.
Thallus forming rosettes, 3-8 cm diam., across with clearly defined contiguous lobes radiating from the center, up to 1 mm wide, pleated, convex, pruinose, whitish, pale grey, grey-glaucous, granular or farinose soralia dispersed in the center, sometimes in patches or mats, dull grey-yellow, occasionally greenish due to algae. Seldom fertile in our prospection area, but fertile thalli may commonly be found near the sea shore, apothecia 0.3-1 mm diam., disc black, thin black margin. Ascospores broadly ellipsoid, brown, polarilocular, 1-septate, 10-15 x 5-8 µm. Photobiont : chlorococcoide. C-, K+ yellow, KC+ yellow, Pd-. Very common on basic and very nutrient-enriched substrata, tolerant to pollution, not especially maritime but rather abundant near the sea shore particularly on dikes, walls, ageing harbour facilities, bark of trees in cities, etc. N.B. In this highly polymorphic species (see Diploicia canescens forma 1 & Diploicia canescens forma 2), the frequence of well developed thalli is rather low compared to those of reduced or incomplete thalli found on cement walls in wasteland and requiring much more attention to be identified. N.B. In the Mediterranean region or in Macaronesia, a very similar taxon may be found: Diploicia subcanescens., thermophilic, on coastal siliceous rocks with abortive soralia restricted to greyish warts.