Lecanora helicopis (Wahlen.) Ach.
Lecania helicopis (Wahlemb.) Clauzade & Cl. Roux
Thallus crustose, highly variable according to expositions, 1-5 cm across and forming colonies, smooth to rimose, more or less cracked, grey, grey-brown, lead-grey, prothallus usually well-developed, dark grey-blue, blackish or paler whitish-cream (margins with both concentric colours, dull whitish and lead-grey are commonly found). Apothecia usually numerous, 0.2-0.5 mm diam., scattered all over the thallus, innate then sessile, disc flat then convex or slightly rounded, dark brown becoming brown-blackish, exciple thin, indeterminate, not crenulate, paler and concolourous to the thallus, blackening and finally excluded. Ascospores simple but guttulate and then appearing 1-septate, ellipsoid, 9-15 x 4-6 µm. Photobiont: Trebouxia. Chemical spot tests negative. Rather common on the siliceous rocks or boulders, at the upper level of Verrucaria (Hydropunctaria) maura agg. and potentially together with the latter (this association is rather typical) as well as with the Caloplaca species thriving in this habitat. Prefers less well-lit zones than Lecanora actophila, which much less common. Often associated to Halecania ralfsii in areas where this- rare- species usually grows. N.B. Very close to 1-septate Lecania atrynoides and frequently found in the same habitat though difficult to distinguish even by the means of microscope analysis (both species have -or apparently have- 1-septate ascospores).*