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Lobaria pulmonaria (L.) Hoffm.

Synonyms:

Family: LOBARIACEAE

Habitat: Oceanic zone

Description

    Thallus foliose, potentially exceeding 25 cm across, lobes strap-shaped, 1-3 cm wide, more or less dichotomously branched, apices sinuate-indented, upper surface glossy, wrinkled, reticulate and embossed-like, warted with isidia-shaped soralia, mostly marginal or on veins, grey-greenish, pale green when moist, brown-kaki when dry, lower surface slightly tomentose, pale beige to brownish with whitish sections towards veins. Apothecia rare, 2-4 mm diam., disc brown-red, exciple thin. Sometimes free cyanobacteria (Nostoc) are present, Collema-like, on or below the lobe surfaces. This species may simultaneously have a green algae photobiont (Dictyochloropsis) and cyanobacteria within internal cephalodia. Ascospores fusiform to narrowly ellipsoid, (1-) 3 (-5)-septate, 18-30 x 5-9 µm. Medulla: C-, K+ yellow-orange, KC+ yellow-orange, Pd+ orange. Not especially maritime, on mossy trunks and main branches of deciduous trees, often in height, seldom at the base, in oceanic humid woodlands. May also be found on rocks in aerohaline heathlands where this species is a marker of the primeval forest. Sometimes parasited, as closely related species, by Plectocarpon lichenum and then visible as black galls.*







Lobaria pulmonaria Sec. Landévennec
Michel DAVID



Lobaria pulmonaria Asque dans le rouge Congo Roncevaux 2
Jacques HAINE



Lobaria pulmonaria Pointe du Raz 2
Alain GERAULT



Lobaria pulmonaria Pointe du Raz 3
Alain GERAULT



Lobaria pulmonaria Humide. Landévennec 1
Michel DAVID



Lobaria pulmonaria isidiée Ile de Bindy
Bernard BOUFFINIER



Lobaria pulmonaria Cranou
Michel DAVID



Lobaria pulmonaria Asque dans l'iode Roncevaux 1
Jacques HAINE



Lobaria pulmonaria Fertile Col d'Iraty Pays Basque 1
Bernard BOUFFINIER



Lobaria pulmonaria ForĂȘt du Cranou 2
Michel DAVID



Lobaria pulmonaria Belgique
Jacques HAINE



Lobaria pulmonaria ForĂȘt du Cranou 3
Michel DAVID



Lobaria pulmonaria Humide. Landévennec 2
Michel DAVID



Lobaria pulmonaria Face inférieure Landévennec 3
Michel DAVID



Lobaria pulmonaria fertile humide ForĂȘt du Cranou 4
Bernard BOUFFINIER



Lobaria pulmonaria fertile humide ForĂȘt du Cranou 5
Bernard BOUFFINIER



Lobaria pulmonaria Fertile et sĂšche ForĂȘt du Cranou 6
Bernard BOUFFINIER



Lobaria pulmonaria Corse ForĂȘt de PiĂ©dicroche
Bernard BOUFFINIER



Lobaria pulmonaria Fertile Col d'Iraty Pays Basque 2
Bernard BOUFFINIER



Lobaria pulmonaria Espagne Ténérife 1
Bernard BOUFFINIER



Lobaria pulmonaria Espagne Ténérife 2
Bernard BOUFFINIER



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